Electrotherapy uses electrical stimulation to help the body heal and recover. It uses galvanic currents, low and medium frequency currents (diadynamic currents, tens, trabert, interferential currents), ultrasounds, short waves. The frequency of the electrical signal is adjustable, the therapist setting the intensity and duration of the treatment
It influences cellular metabolism, the cardiovascular apparatus, neuromuscular excitability, it acts on the endocrine glands and balances the excitation and inhibition processes at the cortical level.
It has biological effects on motor and sensitive nerve fibers, on the vasomotor nerves and vessels, on the striated muscles, the central nervous system and the vegetative system
It creates large concentrations of ions at the electrode levels that penetrate through the skin and mucous membranes into the deep layers where they are taken up by the bloodstream and distributed throughout the body.
It can treat painful conditions at any stage of the disease that do not respond to other indicated therapeutic methods (pharmacological, electrical) or that constituite contraindications to other physical therapeutics (neoplasia).
It produces a veritable electromassage (strong vibrations of muscular mass) and it is indicated for radiculopathies through degenerative vertebral processes, arthrosis, myalgia, myoglobes, PSH, spondylitis, posttraumatic states (contusions, sprains, luxations, ligamental stretches).
It has numerous indications due to the endotherm effect (the heat is formed inside the body tissues) in diseases of the locomotor system, neurological, gynecological, ENT, dermatological disorders.
The main effects are analgesic, hyperemic and miorelaxant. They are indicated in diseases of the locomotor apparatus, posttraumatic conditions, rheumatic diseases, peripheral circulatory disorders.
They have a stimulating effect on skeletal muscles, a stimulating effect on smooth hypotonic muscles, analgesic action, vasomotor effect, decontracting trophic effects.
They are a high frequency vibrating massage. They improve local circulation and metabolism, reduce local ischemic pain, improve tissue regeneration capacity and produce muscle relaxation.
It has analgesic, miorelaxant, antiedematous, biostimulating, vasodilatory effects.
It improves microcirculation, increases oxygen circulation, the more efficient use of glucose, activates metabolic processes at cellular level.
Phototherapy, ultraviolet and infrared radiation
Ultraviolet radiation lowers blood glucose, increases general metabolism, has bactericidal effects, has an important analgesic effect; it affects the endocrine glands.
It is a radiofrequency therapy that transmits a high frequency electromagnetic current to all body tissues and creates a good localization of the thermal effect in the tissue.